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首页>> 英汉词典>> H开头词条>>hold的意思 汉英词典


音标[h?uld] 真人读音


n. 把握, 把持力, 柄, 控制, 掌握, 监禁
vt. 保存, 握住, 拿住, 占据, 持有, 拥有
vi. 支持, 持续, 有效
n. 保留
【计】 保留
【经】 持平, 保持
hold one's head high
hold sb responsible for
hold in place
hold on to
hold sth against sb
hold sb to his word
take a firm hold of sth
have a firm hold over sb
hold aloof
hold sb back from doing sth
hold by
hold sth down
hold in
hold oneself in
hold on
hold out sth
hold out
hold out for sth
hold sth over
hold sth over sb's head
hold sb to sth
hold to
hold sth together
hold with sth
have a hold over
hold one's breath
hold sb in great esteem
hold sth dear
hold sth cheap
hold the view that...
hold to one's opinions
hold the enemy at bay


动词过去式:held 过去分词:held 现在分词:holding 第三人称单数:holds 英语词典


contain, include, embrace, involve, comprehend, hold, comprise
contain: 普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。
include: 普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。
embrace: 正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。
involve: 指包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。
comprehend: 正式用词,指包含在整体范围以内。
hold: 常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。
comprise: 书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。英汉词典


名词 hold:

  1. the act of grasping
    同义词:clasp, clench, clutch, clutches, grasp, grip
  2. understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
    同义词:appreciation, grasp
  3. power by which something or someone is affected or dominated
  4. time during which some action is awaited
    同义词:delay, time lag, postponement, wait
  5. a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
    同义词:detention, detainment, custody
  6. a stronghold
  7. a cell in a jail or prison
  8. the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it
    同义词:handle, grip, handgrip
  9. the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo
    同义词:cargo area, cargo deck, cargo hold, storage area

动词 hold:

  1. organize or be responsible for
    同义词:throw, have, make, give
  2. keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"
    同义词:keep, maintain
  3. have or hold in one's hands or grip
    同义词:take hold
  4. to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement
    同义词:restrain, confine
  5. have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices
  6. have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense
    同义词:have, have got
  7. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view
    同义词:deem, view as, take for
  8. contain or hold; have within
    同义词:bear, carry, contain
  9. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
    同义词:control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate
  10. remain in a certain state, position, or condition
  11. maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings)
    同义词:harbor, harbour, entertain, nurse
  12. assert or affirm
  13. remain committed to
  14. secure and keep for possible future use or application
    同义词:retain, keep back, hold back
  15. be the physical support of; carry the weight of
    同义词:support, sustain, hold up
  16. hold the attention of
  17. keep from exhaling or expelling
  18. support or hold in a certain manner
    同义词:carry, bear
  19. have room for; hold without crowding
    同义词:accommodate, admit
  20. be capable of holding or containing
    同义词:contain, take
  21. be valid, applicable, or true
    同义词:prevail, obtain
  22. take and maintain control over, often by violent means
  23. protect against a challenge or attack
    同义词:defend, guard
  24. declare to be
    同义词:declare, adjudge
  25. have as a major characteristic
  26. cause to stop
    同义词:halt, arrest
  27. bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted
    同义词:oblige, bind, obligate
  28. cover as for protection against noise or smell
  29. drink alcohol without showing ill effects
  30. be pertinent or relevant or applicable
    同义词:apply, go for
  31. arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
    同义词:reserve, book
  32. resist or confront with resistance
    同义词:defy, withstand, hold up
  33. keep from departing
  34. stop dealing with
  35. aim, point, or direct
  36. be in accord; be in agreement
    同义词:agree, concur, concord


  1. My new car holds the road well.
  2. I don't think the car will hold you all.
  3. She has now held the post of Prime Minister longer than anyone else this century.
  4. I managed to grab hold of the jug before it fell.
  5. We are holding a meeting.
  6. We held our breath in fear.
  7. Hold yourself still for a moment while I take your photograph.
  8. The city is held by the enemy.


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